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Epitaxial growth of a 100-square-centimetre single-crystal hexagonal boron nitride monolayer on copper

mercredi 22 mai 2019 par Li Wang, Xiaozhi Xu, Leining Zhang, Ruixi Qiao, Muhong Wu, Zhichang Wang, Shuai Zhang, Jing Liang, Zhihong Zhang, Zhibin Zhang, Wang Chen, Xuedong Xie, Junyu Zong, Yuwei Shan, Yi Guo, Marc Willinger, Hui Wu, Qunyang Li, Wenlong Wang, Peng Gao, Shiwei Wu, Yi Zhang, Ying Jiang, Dapeng Yu, Enge Wang, Xuedong Bai, Zhu-Jun Wang, Feng Ding, Kaihui Liu
Nature, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1226-zThe epitaxial growth of large single-crystal hexagonal boron nitride monolayers on low-symmetry copper foils is demonstrated.

Exome sequencing of 20,791 cases of type 2 diabetes and 24,440 controls

mercredi 22 mai 2019 par Jason Flannick, Josep M. Mercader, Christian Fuchsberger, Miriam S. Udler, Anubha Mahajan, Jennifer Wessel, Tanya M. Teslovich, Lizz Caulkins, Ryan Koesterer, Francisco Barajas-Olmos, Thomas W. Blackwell, Eric Boerwinkle, Jennifer A. Brody, Federico Centeno-Cruz, Ling Chen, Siying Chen, Cecilia Contreras-Cubas, Emilio Córdova, Adolfo Correa, Maria Cortes, Ralph A. DeFronzo, Lawrence Dolan, Kimberly L. Drews, Amanda Elliott, James S. Floyd, Stacey Gabriel, Maria Eugenia Garay-Sevilla, Humberto García-Ortiz, Myron Gross, Sohee Han, Nancy L. Heard-Costa, Anne U. Jackson, Marit E. Jørgensen, Hyun Min Kang, Megan Kelsey, Bong-Jo Kim, Heikki A. Koistinen, Johanna Kuusisto, Joseph B. Leader, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Jianjun Liu, Valeriya Lyssenko, Alisa K. Manning, Anthony Marcketta, Juan Manuel Malacara-Hernandez, Angélica Martínez-Hernández, Karen Matsuo, Elizabeth Mayer-Davis, Elvia Mendoza-Caamal, Karen L. Mohlke, Alanna C. Morrison, Anne Ndungu, Maggie C. Y. Ng, Colm O’Dushlaine, Anthony J. Payne, Catherine Pihoker, Wendy S. Post, Michael Preuss, Bruce M. Psaty, Ramachandran S. Vasan, N. William Rayner, Alexander P. Reiner, Cristina Revilla-Monsalve, Neil R. Robertson, Nicola Santoro, Claudia Schurmann, Wing Yee So, Xavier Soberón, Heather M. Stringham, Tim M. Strom, Claudia H. T. Tam, Farook Thameem, Brian Tomlinson, Jason M. Torres, Russell P. Tracy, Rob M. van Dam, Marijana Vujkovic, Shuai Wang, Ryan P. Welch, Daniel R. Witte, Tien-Yin Wong, Gil Atzmon, Nir Barzilai, John Blangero, Lori L. Bonnycastle, Donald W. Bowden, John C. Chambers, Edmund Chan, Ching-Yu Cheng, Yoon Shin Cho, Francis S. Collins, Paul S. de Vries, Ravindranath Duggirala, Benjamin Glaser, Clicerio Gonzalez, Ma Elena Gonzalez, Leif Groop, Jaspal Singh Kooner, Soo Heon Kwak, Markku Laakso, Donna M. Lehman, Peter Nilsson, Timothy D. Spector, E. Shyong Tai, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Jaakko Tuomilehto, James G. Wilson, Carlos A. Aguilar-Salinas, Erwin Bottinger, Brian Burke, David J. Carey, Juliana C. N. Chan, Josée Dupuis, Philippe Frossard, Susan R. Heckbert, Mi Yeong Hwang, Young Jin Kim, H. Lester Kirchner, Jong-Young Lee, Juyoung Lee, Ruth J. F. Loos, Ronald C. W. Ma, Andrew D. Morris, Christopher J. O’Donnell, Colin N. A. Palmer, James Pankow, Kyong Soo Park, Asif Rasheed, Danish Saleheen, Xueling Sim, Kerrin S. Small, Yik Ying Teo, Christopher Haiman, Craig L. Hanis, Brian E. Henderson, Lorena Orozco, Teresa Tusié-Luna, Frederick E. Dewey, Aris Baras, Christian Gieger, Thomas Meitinger, Konstantin Strauch, Leslie Lange, Niels Grarup, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Philip Zeitler, Dana Dabelea, Goncalo Abecasis, Graeme I. Bell, Nancy J. Cox, Mark Seielstad, Rob Sladek, James B. Meigs, Steve S. Rich, Jerome I. Rotter, David Altshuler, Noël P. Burtt, Laura J. Scott, Andrew P. Morris, Jose C. Florez, Mark I. McCarthy, Michael Boehnke
Nature, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1231-2Exome-sequencing analyses of a large cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes and control individuals without diabetes from five ancestries are used to identify gene-level associations of rare variants that are associated with (...)

Superconductivity near room temperature

mercredi 22 mai 2019 par James J. Hamlin
Nature, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01583-yFor a century, researchers have sought materials that superconduct — transport electricity without loss — at room temperature. Experimental data now confirm superconductivity at higher temperatures than ever (...)

Guarding the gate for mitochondrial entry

mercredi 22 mai 2019 par Sylvie Callegari, Peter Rehling
Nature, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01588-7The protein-import systems of organelles can become clogged by proteins. A protein from one organelle, the endoplasmic reticulum, is found to also unclog such blockages in mitochondrial (...)

Superconductivity at 250 K in lanthanum hydride under high pressures

mercredi 22 mai 2019 par A. P. Drozdov, P. P. Kong, V. S. Minkov, S. P. Besedin, M. A. Kuzovnikov, S. Mozaffari, L. Balicas, F. F. Balakirev, D. E. Graf, V. B. Prakapenka, E. Greenberg, D. A. Knyazev, M. Tkacz, M. I. Eremets
Nature, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1201-8A lanthanum hydride compound at a pressure of around 170 gigapascals is found to exhibit superconductivity with a critical temperature of 250 kelvin.

The rheology and thermal history of Mars revealed by the orbital evolution of Phobos

mercredi 22 mai 2019 par Henri Samuel, Philippe Lognonné, Mark Panning, Valéry Lainey
Nature, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1202-7Insights into the thermal and rheological history of Mars are generated by considering the interplay between the thermochemistry of the planet and the orbital evolution of its closest satellite, (...)

Closing in on what motivates motivation

mercredi 22 mai 2019 par Margaret E. Rice
Nature, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01589-6The neurotransmitter dopamine facilitates learning, motivation and movement. Evidence of its release independently of the activity of dopamine-producing neurons in rat brains forces a rethink of dopamine (...)

Genome–lamina interactions are established de novo in the early mouse embryo

mercredi 22 mai 2019 par Máté Borsos, Sara M. Perricone, Tamás Schauer, Julien Pontabry, Kim L. de Luca, Sandra S. de Vries, Elias R. Ruiz-Morales, Maria-Elena Torres-Padilla, Jop Kind
Nature, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1233-0Spatial genome organization into lamina-associated domains is first established in the mouse zygote immediately after fertilization without inheritance from the maternal germline—with the paternal and maternal pronucleus (...)

Rogue emissions of ozone-depleting chemical pinned to China

mercredi 22 mai 2019 par Jeff Tollefson
Nature, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/d41586-019-01647-zFactories in the country’s northeast are likely source of spike in release of CFC-11 gas.

Absence of amorphous forms when ice is compressed at low temperature

mercredi 22 mai 2019 par Chris A. Tulk, Jamie J. Molaison, Adam R. Makhluf, Craig E. Manning, Dennis D. Klug
Nature, Published online: 22 May 2019; doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1204-5Slow compression of ice at low temperature results in the sequential formation of a series of crystalline phases, challenging theories that connect amorphous ice to supercooled liquid (...)

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